This document (Part A) provides an executive view of the updated MAAP, clarifying the S2R vision and its contribution to delivering European Union societal goals. It identifies the associated set of twelve new capabilities (Innovation Capabilities) S2R will help the railway develop and bring to market. It describes the S2R Programme as a whole — summarizing its purpose, structure, methodology, and content — and focuses on the series of intermediate steps by which it will bring about a radically improved railway system (urban/
suburban, regional and high-speed passenger rail, freight), shaping the future mobility of people and business. These steps will be taken through the development and implementation of
the R&I activities planned in the MAAP, while capturing new technologies and following a Europe-wide system of systems approach that is novel for the sector.